Psychoanalysis is a means of understanding human motivation and behavior based upon an understanding of factors outside of a person's awareness. It informs both scholarly study and practice. This deep perspective toward psychological intervention emphasizes the relationship between analysand and analyst. It necessarily continues over some extended time, in that understanding of the relationship reflects reinstatement of the life history of the analysand. This reveals the dynamics of the treatment process, leading to reduction of personal distress.
Technical facets such as working with dreams, slips of the tongue, fantasies and other symbolic material, frequency of sessions per week, use or non-use of the couch, or such issues as the neutrality of the analyst the use of the fundamental rule may be regarded as criteria of importance, aligned with some theoretical approaches, but may not be regarded as requirements common to all approaches to psychoanalysis. What distinguishes psychoanalysis is bringing the analysand into touch with motivations and wishes of which s/he is only partially aware or completely unaware before treatment. It thus enables the analysis and to achieve greater inner harmony and frees ability to live more constructively and satisfyingly.
It is expected that the candidate will demonstrate sensitivity to and skills in dealing with multicultural/diverse populations. In this Manual, the terms multicultural and diversity will be used interchangeably. Multiculturalism recognizes the broad scope of such factors as race, ethnicity, language, sexual orientation, gender, age, disability, class status, education, religion/spiritual orientation, and other cultural dimensions.