ABPP Presentations at APA
Wednesday, August 3rd ♦♦ Thursday, August 4th (am) ♦♦ Thursday, August 4th (pm) Friday, August 5th (am) ♦♦ Friday, August 5th (pm) ♦♦ Saturday, August 6th ♦♦ Sunday, August 7th


Sunday | August 7, 2016

9:00 AM

Author: Owen Gaasedelen & Douglas M Whiteside

Title: "Evaluating the classification accuracy of the Personality Assessment Inventory Validity Scales in Detecting Cognitive Response Bias."

Date: 8/7/2016

Time: 9:00

Location: Convention Center Exhibit Hall ABC

Specialty Board: Clinical Neuropsychology

Division Affiliation: 40

Description: The PAI is becoming increasingly used clinically and in research with neuropsychological populations; however the PAI was designed without validity scales such as the MMPI-2 Response Bias Scale (RBS; Gervais, Ben-Porath, Wygant, & Green, 2007) that are specifically designed to be sensitive to cognitive response bias, which are typically assessed by well-validated performance validity tests (PVT). Thus, this study was designed to develop and validate an embedded performance validity scale for the PAI that is analogous to the RBS. The sample used to examine the cognitive response bias scale (CRBS) included 351 consecutive clinical referrals for neuropsychological evaluation (mean Age = 46.4, mean education = 13.5) All individuals completed a comprehensive examination that included at least one free-standing PVT (WMT or TOMM), at least one embedded PVT, and the PAI. Individuals who failed a free standing PVT and at least one embedded PVT were classified into the FAIL group (n=61), and all others were classified into the PASS group (n=290). Preliminary item analyses suggested a 20 item scale that has adequate classification accuracy (AUC=0.68) with sensitivity at .41 when specificity was set at .90. These preliminary items were selected based on the top 20 items that best differentiate the two groups based on Cohen's d effect size. Further item analyses selected the items that best differentiated these two groups utilizing IRT-based methods (Mokken & Lewis, 1982) and additional analyses (e.g., examining item-total correlations). The results provided initial support of the CRBS in clinical settings, but further research on the psychometric properties is needed.

11:00 AM
Franklin C. Brown            

Title: Poor Sleep Quality Contributes to Fatigue and Cognitive Inefficiency in Multiple Sclerosis              

Date: 8/7/2016

Time: 11:00 AM

Location: Convention Center Room 505

Specialty Board: Clinical Neuropsychology

Division Affiliation: 40

Description: "Patients with MS often complain about fatigue, and cognitive problems with these often being directly contributed to the disease process. However, the role of which treatable co-morbid difficulties, such as poor sleep quality, may contribute to these complaints has not been thoroughly examined. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of poor sleep quality among patients with Multiple Sclerosis, and the degree to which this was associated with fatigue, and cognitive functions. We examined sleep quality (Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index), fatigue (Epworth Sleepiness Scale), and cognitive functions in 53 (9 males, 48 females) patients with Multiple Sclerosis. Their diagnosis was confirmed by a neurologist with a specialization in MS. A total of 32.8% reported good sleep quality, whereas 67.2% reported poor sleep quality. Poor sleep quality was associated with fatigue, slower reaction times on the Test of Variables of Attention, and allocentric but not egocentric visual memory difficulties on a dot memory test, whereas there were no significant group differences on the PASAT, Symbol Digits Modalities Test, CVLT, and BVMT-R. These results indicated that about two thirds of our sample reported poor sleep quality. Poor sleep quality was associated with significantly greater fatigue. Whereas MS patients often feel that fatigue is part of MS, these results suggest that part of this may be due to poor sleep quality. The lower score on allocentric visual memory but not on egocentric visual memory is similar to results among individuals with ADHD, and has been previously considered to be related to cognitive inefficiency. These results suggest that MS patients with poor sleep quality have a similar degree of cognitive inefficiency as those with ADHD. These findings stress the importance of good sleep quality for reduced fatigue and improved cognitive efficiency among MS patients."

Author: Thomas G. Plante            

Title: The Psychology of Compassion - Understanding the Emotional, Spiritual, and Religious Influences

Date: 8/7/2016

Time: 11-11:50am

Location: Convention Center Room 503

Specialty Board: Clinical Psychology

Division Affiliation: 36

Description: Symposium on compassion highlighting a recent edited book project by the presenters.

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